Reparations: Does the U.S. Owe Anything to Ethnic Hawaiians?
(c) Copyright 2001 - 2005 Kenneth R. Conklin, Ph.D. All rights reserved
Does the U.S. owe anything to ethnic Hawaiians? Sovereignty activists love to say that the U.S. took over the Kingdom of Hawai'i in an armed invasion which continues even today in the form of a colonial military occupation. The independence activists say the U.S. should withdraw and thereby restore the independence of Hawai'i. Other activists favor a "nation within a nation," where ethnic Hawaiians would be recognized as a political entity comparable to an Indian tribe, but still within the jurisdiction of the United States. All sovereignty activists agree that the U.S. owes racially defined ethnic Hawaiians huge amounts of land and money to make up for the evils of the past. Figures in the trillions of dollars are mentioned.
The following items all have a bearing on this issue of reparations.
We Need A Second Dialog on Sovereignty Where All Can Participate Without Predetermined Conclusions.
Did kanaka maoli exercise self-determination?
Were the lands stolen? Do the ceded lands rightfully belong to kanaka maoli alone?
Does the U.S. Owe Hawaiians Anything?
"NATIVE HAWAIIAN" VICTIMHOOD CLAIMS
What are they, why are they being asserted, and how can the bad statistics be explained? Advocates for race-based programs frequently justify them by asserting claims that "Native Hawaiians" have the worst statistics among all Hawai'i ethnic groups for education, income, unemployment, drug abuse, incarceration, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, etc. But such claims are rarely accompanied by the documentation that would allow researchers to verify them independently. Most economic and social "victimhood" statistics are probably due to the fact that "Native Hawaiians" on average are only 25 years of age -- 13 years younger than the average of other ethnic groups. Most health statistics are probably explained by the strange counting method which allocates full tally marks to "Native Hawaiian" victimhood for victims whose native blood quantum is very low -- about 3/4 of all "Native Hawaiians" each have more than 3/4 of their ancestry from Asia, Europe, or America; thus, most of their victimhood tally marks should be awarded to races other than "Native Hawaiian." See: http://www.angelfire.com/hi5/bigfiles3/victimhoodclaims.html
Haole Collective Guilt for Hawaiian Grievances and Pain -- Major essay book review of "Then There Were None" by Martha H. Noyes (based on Elizabeth Lindsey Buyers TV docudrama). The book is a tear-jerker, tracing the constant decline in the number of "pure Hawaiians" and blaming it on Euro-Americans. http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/lindseynoyesthennone.html
The Hawaiian Grievance Industry -- Panhandling for Race-Based Handouts and Political Power http://www.angelfire.com/hi5/bigfiles3/grievanceindustry.html
"Forced assimilation may hurt Hawaiians" -- A typical combination of junk history and junk science fueling the Hawaiian grievance industry. An in-depth analysis of a short newspaper report which claimed that today's ethnic Hawaiians have the worst statistics for lifespan and tobacco smoking, and the blame goes to "cultural trauma syndrome" stemming from the forced assimilation of ethnic Hawaiians to Western ways. http://www.angelfire.com/hi5/bigfiles3/ForcedAssimHurtsHawnHealth.html
Analogy of the Stolen House and its mutation, Analogy of the Stolen Car. Around the turn of the century (2000, not 1900!) an analogy became popular among some Hawaiian sovereignty activists. They said Hawaiian history was like the history of a house that got overwhelmed by guests. A few guests were welcomed but then moved in permanently. The guests then invited more guests of their own. All the guests then began making new house rules. Soon the original (and still rightful) homeowners were forced to live in a small rear bedroom, and perhaps even forced to live in a tent in the backyard. The original homeowners finally got angry and are trying to reassert their rights. They might even call the cops to help them take back what is rightfully theirs. http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/stolenhousecar.html
HAWAIIANS AS MASCOTS
Why Hawai'i's People Tolerate and Seemingly Support Racial Separatism and Ethnic Nationalism http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/hawnsasmascots.html
Red-Shirt Pro-Apartheid March of September 6, 2004 -- “Die Jugend Marschiert” Racial supremacy is already in place in Hawai’i to an astonishing extent. Special race-based laws and government handouts are interpreted by the activists to be a form of “reparations” for historical grievances. The recipients feel greatly “entitled” to special treatment. When lawsuits or regulations threaten to take away such illegal racial favoritism, the beneficiaries take to the streets with a mass protest march resembling the youth marches in 1930s Germany. http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/redshirtsept2004.html
A Brief History of Citizenship and Voting Rights in Hawai'i (Kingdom, Republic, Territory, and State) by attorney Patrick W. Hanifin. http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/HanifinCitizen.html
Are kanaka maoli entitled to reparations? (a lengthy legal argument by attorney Patrick Hanifin) http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/hanifinreparations.html
Aren't we all sovereign now? (an informal essay by attorney Patrick Hanifin) http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/hanifinallsovereign.html
Map of Hawaiian islands showing some of the lands likely to be demanded by an Akaka tribe, where different laws would prevail and businesses might operate exempt from taxes and regulation. http://www.angelfire.com/hi5/bigfiles3/AkakaTribeLandsAdv080505.pdf
S1929 FEDERAL LEGISLATION TO PROVIDE RACIAL ENTITLEMENT FOR HEALTHCARE: POINT-BY-POINT REBUTTAL OF FALSE AND TWISTED HISTORICAL AND LEGAL CLAIMS BURIED IN THE FINE PRINT BY SOVEREIGNTY ACTIVISTS http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/S1929.html
Racism in the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement (with special focus on anti-white racism) http://www.angelfire.com/hi5/bigfiles3/racismhawsov.html
Native(?) Hawaiian Gathering Rights(?) Attorney Paul M. Sullivan's extensive legal analysis of the underlying issues in the PASH case, with 371 hot-linked footnotes. http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/sullivanpash.html
WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE AKAKA BILL? http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/OpposeAkakaBill.html
Are Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians) an Indian Tribe? Open letter to State legislators. Federal Criteria for Recognition of Tribal Status. http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/wannabetribe.html
Aloha For All -- Political Activity in the Legislature and in State Regulatory Agencies, Year 2002. A resolution introduced, testimony opposing 3 OHA bills and 1 education bill, DLNR testimony regarding a NASA telescope project on Mauna Kea.
Are there books and other websites which support the concept that kanaka maoli are not entitled to race-based sovereignty? http://www.angelfire.com/hi2/hawaiiansovereignty/references.html